NERC Open CASE, number 1093171, awarded to Karen Heywood.
= My PhD “Antarctic Bottom Water in CMIP5 models: characteristics, formation, evolution”
October 2011 to March 2015.
Supervisors: Karen Heywood and David Stevens (UEA), and Jeff Ridley (UK MetOffice)
Outcomes of my PhD:
- Quantified biases in Antarctic Bottom Water temperature and salinity in CMIP5 models ;
- Determined the causes for these biases: impossibility to export shelf water due to the mixing scheme, and open ocean deep convection in the Weddell Polynya[PhD thesis];
- Quantified the consequence of these biases on climate change projections ;
- Found a numerical solution to suppress the unrealistic formation process .